✪✪✪ Freud Nature Vs Nurture

Saturday, September 18, 2021 12:05:19 PM

Freud Nature Vs Nurture



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#1 Nature vs. Nurture - Psy 101

Their views help enhance the similarities and differences providing in their theories. Human instincts are behaviors that are genetically wired into us to that help us react to our environment, but most of the time they are more hurtful than useful. For example one of them is to follow and be influenced by our surroundings. Since birth we adjust to what family setting we may have and conform to what we see on the outside. At some point this human instinct becomes hurtful to us as conforming makes us most of the time act and think like everyone else. So how is it that conformity hurts individuality in our society? Human instincts are behaviors that are genetically wired into us that help us react to our environment, but most of the time they are more hurtful than useful.

For example, one of them is to follow and be influenced by our surroundings. At some point this human instinct becomes hurtful to us as conforming makes us act and think like everyone else. So how is it that conformity affects individuality in our society? In life we sometimes follow, patterns or ways to live that have be left by individuals before us, why?

Because we are taught that by our peers. We are made to believe that is the right way or sometimes the only way. But when questioning the patterns or the ideology put in place for us to follow even generations after it was established. We sometimes get looked down on or said to be blaspheming. The ethics of both of these stories may be out of the normative and looked down upon but in reality they are both just trying to better people and make them worth something again. The idea of Panopticism is the idea of having power and control over someone while making them into something you want. Trying to put someone back into society after they are not use to acting a certain way can either scare them or drive them even more insane which is what happened in both of these stories.

Both John and the government in Panopticism use similar techniques of being watched, treating them like prisoners and trying to change their ways in order to fix them. Have you ever wondered why some people act the way they act? It really all depends on the way they were raised, and what culture they were raised in. While some may say that culture is the only way to learn about others. Group therapy helps the individual realize they are not alone.

There has been some instances where the individual feels weird and awkward thinking that they are the only ones going through those struggles without knowing that there may be other people experiencing the same things and together with the help of a trained professional, they can move forward. Group therapy gives the individual a voice, and helps them express their feelings and needs. Some practitioners strongly encourage their members to notice how they are feeling throughout the session and talk about.

Myers , p. In my opinion, people conform because of pressures from their peers, family, society or expected norms. Conformity is something that has an extensive effect on people today and is clearly seen in almost every aspect of society today from trends, to opinions, to their actions. Psychological experiments from Muzafer Sherif and Solomon Asch have been used to try and show the extent of conformity and its strength on people. Song, G. Ma, Q. Wu, F. Li, L P. Theorists such as John B. Watson believed that people could be trained to do and become anything, regardless of their genetic background.

For example, when a person achieves tremendous academic success, did they do so because they are genetically predisposed to be successful or is it a result of an enriched environment? If a man abuses his wife and kids, is it because he was born with violent tendencies or is it something he learned by observing his own parent's behavior? A few examples of biologically determined characteristics nature include certain genetic diseases, eye color, hair color, and skin color.

Other things like life expectancy and height have a strong biological component, but they are also influenced by environmental factors and lifestyle. An example of a nativist theory within psychology is Chomsky's concept of a language acquisition device or LAD. Some characteristics are tied to environmental influences. How a person behaves can be linked to influences such as parenting styles and learned experiences. For example, a child might learn through observation and reinforcement to say 'please' and 'thank you. One example of an empiricist theory within psychology is Albert Bandura's social learning theory. According to the theory, people learn by observing the behavior of others. In his famous Bobo doll experiment , Bandura demonstrated that children could learn aggressive behaviors simply by observing another person acting aggressively.

Even today, research in psychology often tends to emphasize one influence over the other. In biopsychology , for example, researchers conduct studies exploring how neurotransmitters influence behavior, which emphasizes the nature side of the debate. In social psychology , researchers might conduct studies looking at how things such as peer pressure and social media influence behaviors, stressing the importance of nurture.

What researchers do know is that the interaction between heredity and environment is often the most important factor of all. Perfect pitch is the ability to detect the pitch of a musical tone without any reference. Researchers have found that this ability tends to run in families and believe that it might be tied to a single gene. However, they've also discovered that possessing the gene alone is not enough to develop this ability. Instead, musical training during early childhood is necessary to allow this inherited ability to manifest itself.

Height is another example of a trait that is influenced by nature and nurture interaction. A child might come from a family where everyone is tall, and he may have inherited these genes for height. However, if he grows up in a deprived environment where he does not receive proper nourishment, he might never attain the height he might have had he grown up in a healthier environment. Throughout the history of psychology , however, this debate has continued to stir up controversy. Eugenics, for example, was a movement heavily influenced by the nativist approach. Psychologist Francis Galton, a cousin of the naturalist Charles Darwin, coined both the terms nature versus nurture and eugenics and believed that intelligence was the result of genetics.

Galton believed that intelligent individuals should be encouraged to marry and have many children, while less intelligent individuals should be discouraged from reproducing. Today, the majority of experts believe that both nature and nurture influence behavior and development. However, the issue still rages on in many areas such as in the debate on the origins of homosexuality and influences on intelligence. While few people take the extreme nativist or radical empiricist approach, researchers and experts still debate the degree to which biology and environment influence behavior. Increasingly, people are beginning to realize that asking how much heredity or environment influence a particular trait is not the right approach.

The reality is that there is not a simple way to disentangle the multitude of forces that exist. These influences include genetic factors that interact with one another, environmental factors that interact such as social experiences and overall culture, as well as how both hereditary and environmental influences intermingle. Instead, many researchers today are interested in seeing how genes modulate environmental influences and vice versa. Ever wonder what your personality type means? Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. Levitt M. Perceptions of nature, nurture and behaviour. Life Sci Soc Policy.

Schoneberger T. Three myths from the language acquisition literature. Anal Verbal Behav. Moulton C. Perfect pitch reconsidered. Clin Med Lond. Bandura, A.

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